Ethical Challenges When Establishing Goals of Care in the Acute Care Surgical Setting
Lisa M. Kodadek
Patients and surgeons participate in shared decision making when they make healthcare decisions together, taking into account the patientís goals, values, and preferences. Surgical treatment is pursued when the potential benefits outweigh the risks, the burdens of treatment are acceptable, and no other alternatives are more appropriate for meeting the patientís goals of care. Acute care surgical problems require shared decision making, often with constraining factors that include the time-sensitive and life-threatening nature of acute surgical disease, absence of a patientís decision-making capacity, and lack of a preexisting relationship between the patient and surgeon. These factors may create ethical challenges for acute care surgeons who care for these patients.
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